The Indian Institute of Social Welfare & Business Management (IISWBM), Kolkata completed
fifty years of its existence as a separate legal entity on April 25, 2003. It was
created through a resolution adopted by the Syndicate of the University of Calcutta
on April 25, 1953. IISWBM introduced the first programme on management education
in India. The Golden Jubilee Celebration of the IISWBM, therefore, also meant the
celebration of ‘Fifty years of Management Education in India'.
The Institute is located in the most exciting and prestigious academic ambience
of College Square where the University of Calcutta, Presidency College, Calcutta
Medical College and the All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health are also
located. The Institute building has two blocks. The foundation stone of one was
laid by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and the other
by Dr. B. C. Roy, the famous Chief Minister of West Bengal. Created in response
to a strongly felt need of independent India, the Institute had, as its midwives,
the Ministry of Scientific and Cultural Affairs, Government of India, All India
Board of Technical Studies in Management, Ministry of Education, Government of West
Bengal, Bengal National Chamber of Commerce and Industry and personalities like
Sir Biren Mukherjee, Srimati Renuka Ray, Professor D. K. Sanyal, Lala Lakhsmipat
Singhania and many others.
Since 1958 the Institute has been run by a Board of Governors which includes, among
others, the Vice Chancellor and the Pro-Vice Chancellor (Finance), University of
Calcutta, Principal Secretary, Department of Education, Government of West Bengal,
representatives from four Chambers of Commerce, the Ministry of Human Resource Development,
Government of India and the All India Council of Technical Education as members.
Dr. B. C. Roy, the former Chief Minister of West Bengal was the first President
of the Board of Governors. He was succeeded by Shri P. C. Sen who also succeeded
him as the Chief Minister of the State. Currently, Dr. Pratap Chandra Chunder, eminent
educationist and a former Minister of Education, Government of India is the President
of the Board of Governors.
Currently, a degree in management has become a prized possession. To cater to the
demands of the market, new organisations have appeared and we have noticed a numerous
growth of institutions awarding management degrees in our country. The changed scenario,
however, has not altered the status of IISWBM - the oldest Management Institute
of India. It continues to depict a commendable and reliable image, which attracts
students from all over India and the world.
The traditional legacy and values, which IISWBM has imbibed from the day of its
inception, still remain with the Institute
A Note on the introduction of the First Management Course in India
The Department of Education, Government of India created the All India Council for
Technical Education on November 30, 1945.
At its meeting held on April 22, 1948 the Council decided that 'a joint committee
representing the All India Boards of Technical Studies in Engineering, Commerce,
Chemical Technology and Textile Technology should be constituted for the purpose
of examining the question of training in Industrial Administration and Business
Management and to prepare the scheme for organizing such training in the country'.
On May 11, 1950 the Joint Committee set up a sub-committee under the Chairmanship
of Sir Jehangir Gandhy, Director, Tata Industries Ltd. to prepare a scheme for the
Eastern Region of India for training in Industrial Administration. The Gandhy Committee
recommended, 'The most effective way, in our opinion, of promoting education in
management subjects is to provide opportunities for part-time day and evening studies
for the benefit of large number of junior executives who work in business and industry
in the metropolitan districts of large cities like Calcutta'.
On the suggestion of the Gandhy Committee and on the recommendation of the Board
of Management Studies, the All India Council for Technical Education selected the
Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management (at that time known as
The All India Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management) for the Eastern
Region for the course in Business Management.
On July 5, 1954, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, Chief Minister of West Bengal and Founder
- President of the Institute inaugurated the first Business Management Course in
India. Dr. Jehangir Gandhy, Chairman, All India Board of Technical Studies in Management,
Union Ministry of Education, who could not be present at the inaugural ceremony
sent a message saying 'I am glad that the All India Institute of Social Welfare
and Business Management is inaugurating today Business Management Course for the
first time in India for the benefit of Junior Business Executives'.
Sir Dorabji Tata School of Social Work, Bombay was founded in 1936. It offered Diploma
in Social Work - not in Business Management.
XLRI, Jamshedpur (originally known as Xavier Labour Relations Institute) was founded
in 1949 and offered Diploma in Labour Relations and not in Business Management.